Sant'Anna di Stazzema

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ruins of the village in 2008
Ruins of the village in 2008
Sant'Anna is located in Italy
Location of Sant'Anna in Italy
Coordinates: 43°58′27″N 10°16′25″E / 43.97417°N 10.27361°E / 43.97417; 10.27361Coordinates: 43°58′27″N 10°16′25″E / 43.97417°N 10.27361°E / 43.97417; 10.27361
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
ProvinceLucca (LU)
660 m (2,170 ft)
 • Total27
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code(+39) 0584
Patron saintSt. Anne
WebsiteOfficial website

Sant'Anna di Stazzema, officially Sant'Anna, is a village in Tuscany in central Italy. Administratively, it is a frazione of the comune of Stazzema, in the province of Lucca.[1][2]


In 1944, it was the site of a notorious Nazi crime against humanity committed by a part of 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS during World War II. In the morning of 12 August, about 560 (430 grown ups and 130 children) local villagers and refugees were murdered and their bodies burnt in a scorched earth policy action.[3] After the war, the village was only partially rebuilt.

The massacre gained high notoriety from 1994. During an investigation of the military attorney Antonino Intelisano, 695 files about war crimes in Italy during World War II were found in a wooden cabinet, known as the Armadio della vergogna (armoire of shame), located in a palace of Rome.[4]

Since 2000, it has been the site of the Italian National Park of Peace (Parco Nazionale della Pace) with memorials and a museum[5] dedicated to the massacre.


Located in the Apuan Alps, Sant'Anna is a mountain village that is 12 km far from Pietrasanta and 16 from its Marina, on the Mediterranean Sea; 18 km from Viareggio, 24 from Massa and 37 from Carrara. The nearest train station is that of Pietrasanta on the Pisa-Genoa line and the nearest motorway exit is "Viareggio-Camaiore" on the A12.[6]


Popular culture[edit]

The massacre inspired the novel Miracle at St. Anna by James McBride, and Spike Lee's film (2008) of the same title that was based on it.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b (in Italian) Infos about the hamlets of Stazzema (municipal website)
  2. ^ (in Italian) Municipal Statute of Stazzema Archived 2014-02-27 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Italian Town, Lost in History, Now Fears Memories of Nazis, The New York Times, April 18, 2004.
  4. ^ The armoire of shame on Sant'Anna website
  5. ^ The Historical Museum of Resistance of Sant’Anna di Stazzema
  6. ^ Google. "Sant'Anna di Stazzema" (Map). Google Maps. Google.
  7. ^ " James McBride - Miracle at St. Anna" (

External links[edit]