Frederick Carter

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Sir Frederick Carter
Prime Minister of Newfoundland
In office
January 31, 1874 – April 1, 1878
Lieutenant GovernorStephen John Hill
John Hawley Glover
Preceded byCharles Fox Bennett
Succeeded byWilliam Whiteway
In office
March 4, 1865 – February 11, 1870[1]
Lieutenant GovernorAnthony Musgrave
Stephen John Hill
Preceded byHugh W. Hoyles
Succeeded byCharles Fox Bennett
Personal details
Born(1819-02-12)February 12, 1819
St. John's, Newfoundland
DiedMarch 1, 1900(1900-03-01) (aged 81)
St. John's, Newfoundland
Political partyConservative Party
Spouse(s)Eliza Bayly

Sir Frederick Bowker Terrington Carter, KCMG (February 12, 1819 – March 1, 1900) was a lawyer and Premier of Newfoundland from 1865 to 1870 and from 1874 to 1878.


Carter was the son of Peter Weston Carter[2] grand son of William Carter and great-grandson of Robert Carter, who was appointed justice of the peace at Ferryland in 1750. In 1855, he was elected to the House of Assembly as a Conservative and was Speaker from 1861 to 1865. In 1865 he succeeded Sir Hugh Hoyles as Prime Minister.

Carter was a supporter of Canadian confederation having been a delegate to the 1864 Quebec conference.[3] However, the Conservatives were defeated on the Confederation issue in the November 1869 election by the Anti-Confederation Party led by Charles Fox Bennett. Even though Newfoundland did not join the confederation until 1949, Carter is considered one of the Fathers of Confederation. Carter became Premier a second time in 1874, serving until 1878, but had dropped the issue of joining Canada. He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in 1878.

In 1880 Carter was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Newfoundland, succeeding Sir Hugh Hoyles, and served in the post until 1898.[4] During his term as Chief Justice, Carter was a valued advisor for the Colonial Governors of Newfoundland and acted as administrator of the colony in their absence.[5]

Carter was a Freemason of St. John's Lodge, No. 579 (England).[6]

He died in St. John's, Newfoundland in early March 1900.[7]


Carter married, in 1846, Eliza Bayly, daughter of George Bayly, Controller of HM Customs, Newfoundland. The couple had eleven children.


  1. ^ "CARTER, Sir FREDERIC BOWKER TERRINGTON". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved January 31, 2016.
  2. ^ Volume one, p. 363, Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador, ISBN 0-9693422-1-7.
  3. ^ "Carter, Sir Frederick Bowker Terrington National Historic Person". Parks Canada. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  4. ^ "Sir Frederic Bowker Terrington Carter". 2005-02-05. Retrieved 2013-10-06.
  5. ^ "Carter, Sir Frederic Bowker Terrington". 2015. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  6. ^ Michael Jenkyns (July 2017). "Canada's Sesquicentennial - Freemasonry and Confederation". Grand Lodge A.F. & A.M. of Canada in the Province of Ontario. Archived from the original on 5 December 2018. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  7. ^ "Obituaries - Sir Frederick Carter". The Times. No. 36080. London. 3 March 1900. p. 8.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Premier of Newfoundland
Succeeded by
Preceded by Premier of Newfoundland
Succeeded by