St Catherine's Island
St Catherine's Island, Tenby. Taken from Castle Hill.
|Length||0.2 km (0.12 mi)|
|Width||0.06 km (0.037 mi)|
|Highest elevation||34 m (112 ft)|
St Catherine's Island (Welsh: Ynys Catrin) is a small tidal island linked to Tenby in Pembrokeshire, Wales, by Castle beach at low tide. The island, which is known colloquially as St Catherine's Rock, is the location of St Catherine's Fort.
The Earl of Pembroke (previously Jasper Tudor, the uncle of Henry VII), owned St Catherine's Island until the reign of Elizabeth I. Later, ownership passed to the Corporation of Tenby, which took possession of a number of crown lands. It is recorded in 1856 that a few sheep inhabited the island. An observer described them as "half wild sure footed creatures that run, turn and look, run again and leap from crag to crag almost with the agility of the Alpine Chamois".
For many centuries a tiny church was the only building on the island. The construction of St Catherine's Fort in 1867 necessitated the demolishing of the remains of the church.
A family trust has owned the island since 1962. The island operated as a zoo from March 1968 to 1979. In April 2014 the island was opened to the public for visits and tours. It was closed from Saturday 27 August 2016 to 12 April 2017 and remains open to the public as of 2019.
- Phillips, Alan (26 September 2013). Castles and Fortifications of Wales. Amberley Publishing Limited. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-4456-2484-6.
- "Tenby's landmark St Catherine's Island to reopen as a tourist attraction". Wales Online. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
- Gosse, Philip Henry (1856). Tenby: A Sea-side Holiday. John Van Voorst. p. 14.
- "Building Bridges (not simply structural ones!)". Visit Tenby. 29 October 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
- Breverton, Terry (28 February 2013). The Welsh: The Biography. Amberley Publishing Limited. p. 553. ISBN 978-1-4456-1572-1.
- "History of St Catherine's Island". Retrieved 1 June 2019.
- "St Catherine's Island and Fort". BBC. 6 June 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
- Wales online article about the shoot
- "St Catherine's Island and Fort". BBC. 6 June 2004. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St Catherine's Island, Tenby.|