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|Mayor of Marbella|
15 June 1991 – 24 April 2002
|Preceded by||Francisco Parra Medina|
|Succeeded by||Julián Muñoz|
Gregorio Jesús Gil y Gil
12 March 1933
El Burgo de Osma, Castile and León, Spain
|Died||14 May 2004 (aged 71)|
|Resting place||Cementerio de la Almudena|
|Children||4, including Miguel Ángel|
Gregorio Jesús Gil y Gil (12 March 1933 – 14 May 2004) was a Spanish businessman and politician. He served as Mayor of Marbella between 1991 and 2002, and presided for a 16-year tenure as president of the football club Atlético de Madrid. The Marbella city council had to be dissolved soon after his death, a legal but unprecedented movement in Spanish politics, to put an end to extreme corruption and dealings with international mafias, among other crimes.
In the 1960s Gil ran a construction firm building gated communities. A complex he had built in San Rafael, near Segovia, collapsed in 1969, killing 58 people and injuring many others. A subsequent investigation showed that the cement in the new building had not yet set, and the whole project had been completed without use of architects, surveyors, or plans. Gil was sentenced to five years in prison, but was pardoned after 18 months by General Francisco Franco.
In 1987, Gil was elected president at football side Atlético Madrid (his first signing was that of 21-year-old Portuguese winger Paulo Futre), where he initiated a volatile relationship with fans, reporters, players and head coaches. In 1992, he shut down Atlético's youth academy, which saw talented 15-year-old Raúl switch to crosstown rivals Real Madrid.
Most of Marbella's local police were recruited indirectly by Gil among legionnaires and members of other elite military forces throughout southern Spain and Northern Africa during the 1980s / 1990s, and some of these officers comprised Gil's own private garde de corps.
In 1991, he founded and led the Grupo Independiente Liberal (GIL) as his political vehicle, and was elected as mayor of Marbella the same year. He installed a bust of Francisco Franco in the town hall and was known for walking the streets of the town shouting abuse at prostitutes and homeless people. His mayorship was popular enough for him to be re-elected three times.
In early 2008, a full, two-episode documentary appeared in Tele 5 explaining the highlights of his life and career.
On 9 May 2004, he suffered a cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in his finca in Valdeolivas. He died in Madrid on 14 May at the age of 71. The funeral was attended by 20,000 people. He was cremated and his ashes were interred in the family mausoleum at the Cementerio de la Almudena.
Gil was infamous and controversial for his extreme social and political views, summed up in a unique brand of foulmouthed, low-brow populism punctuated by self-aggrandizing, homophobic, racist, xenophobic and otherwise derogatory remarks and, occasionally, by pre-democratic nostalgia.
He publicly referred to former Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) town councilor Isabel García Marcos as a "whore" during town council meetings and, on one occasion, dubbed journalist Carmen Rigalt as "la jinetera del periodismo" ('prostitute of journalism').
The Málaga coastline, effectively under the area of economic and political influence of the Gil family, became a popular residence for British, Italian, and Russian gangsters while he was mayor, as well as a haven for former national socialists either awaiting or shirking extradition, such as Otto Remer and Léon Degrelle. At the same time, however, Gil instigated several crackdowns on drug users and prostitutes. He was involved in several criminal cases, including the so-called Caso de las camisetas. and Caso Atlético.
Crime rates and open manifestations of poverty decreased dramatically during the first years of his administration. The improvements included the beatings of delinquents and prostitutes, relocation of foreigners with low incomes, and handouts of money to homeless people in exchange for leaving town. The subsequent improvement in the lifestyle of a segment of the population was cited as a major reason for his re-election.
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- Lowe, Sid (3 November 2009). "Are 'madhouse' Atlético Madrid the worst run club in Europe?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
- Alcaide, Jesús (14 March 1996). "La FEF abre expediente a Gil, Caneda y al gerente del Compostela". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid: Mundinteractivos, SA. Archived from the original on 25 October 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- ""Cuánto negro, esto parece el Congo": los 10 vídeos más surrealistas de Jesús Gil". El Español. 8 April 2019.
- "Racist remark angers Ajax". The Irish Times.
- Prolapse – Surreal Madrid, retrieved 7 May 2022
- EFE (4 May 2002). "El Supremo pone fin a casi dos años del "caso de las camisetas". El Mundo (in Spanish). Madrid: Mundinteractivos, SA. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
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- Borasteros, Daniel (15 May 2004). "Muere Jesús Gil por un infarto masivo". El País (in Spanish). Prisa. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "Jesús Gil enterrado en el panteón familiar de la Almudena después de que más de 20.000 personas pasaran por la capilla ardiente". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 15 May 2004. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- "Jesús Gil fue enterrado en el panteón familiar de La Almudena". As (in Spanish). 15 May 2004. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- Moreno, Adolfo (28 March 2013). "Jesús Gil como metáfora: poder, burbuja y populismo". ElDiario.es.
- "- EL MUNDO | Suplemento Crónica 409 - La Tamayo del sur". El Mundo. Spain.
- "La UEFA aplaza la sanción a Gil por llamar homosexual a Vautrot y le cita". El País. 13 October 1990.
- "La UEFA pide a Gil que explique por qué llamó homosexual al árbitro Vautrot". El País. 29 September 1990.
- "Gil: "Al negro le corto la cabeza"". El País. 24 April 1995.
- "El Atlético pone fin a la 'era Gil'". El País. 28 May 2003.
- "20 años de la era Gil". Marca. Spain.
- "Gil recupera un busto de Franco para Marbella". El País. 14 October 1998.
- "El nido de Jesús Gil". El País. 17 January 1999.