Robert Rolfe, 1st Baron Cranworth
The Lord Cranworth
|Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain|
28 December 1852 – 21 February 1858
|Preceded by||The Lord St Leonards|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Chelmsford|
7 July 1865 – 26 June 1866
|Preceded by||The Lord Westbury|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Chelmsford|
|Born||18 December 1790|
|Died||26 July 1868 (aged 77)|
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
Robert Monsey Rolfe, 1st Baron Cranworth, PC (18 December 1790 – 26 July 1868) was a British lawyer and Liberal politician. He twice served as Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
Background and education
Born at Cranworth, Norfolk, he was the elder son of the Reverend Edmund Rolfe and Jemima Alexander, James Alexander, 1st Earl of Caledon's niece and a granddaughter of physician Messenger Monsey.[note 1] Rolfe, a relative of Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson, was educated at Bury St Edmunds, Winchester, Trinity College, Cambridge, Downing College, Cambridge (of which he was elected fellow)  and was called to the bar, Lincoln's Inn, in 1816.
Legal and political career
Cranworth represented Penryn and Falmouth in Parliament from 1832 until he was appointed a Baron of the Exchequer in 1839. In 1850 he was appointed a Vice-Chancellor and raised to the peerage as Baron Cranworth, of Cranworth in the County of Norfolk. In 1852 Lord Cranworth became Lord Chancellor in Lord Aberdeen's coalition ministry. He continued to hold the chancellorship also in the administration of Lord Palmerston until the latter's resignation in 1858. Cranworth was not reappointed when Palmerston returned to office in 1859, but on the retirement of Lord Westbury in 1865 he accepted the office for a second time, and held it till the fall of the Russell administration in 1866.
In 1845, Cranworth married Laura Carr (1807–1868), daughter of Thomas William Carr (born 1770). The couple had no children.
Lord Cranworth died at his seat, Holwood House, on 26 July 1868, aged 77, after a short illness related to the heat. He was childless and the title became extinct on his death.
- Fouldes v. Willoughby (1841)
- Aberdeen Rly Co v Blaikie Bros (1854)
- Scott v Avery (1855)
- Jones v Lock (1865)
- Rylands v. Fletcher judgment given 9 days before his death.
- ^ "Maryland State Archives, Reference, MSA SC 4885-1-27"
- ^ "East Anglian Worthies", by John Lucius Smith-Dampier, published by B. Blackwell, 1949, p. 165.
- ^ a b c d public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cranworth, Robert Monsey Rolfe, Baron". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 379. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the
- ^ Henry Rumsey Forster (1852). The Pocket Peerage of Great Britain and Ireland. D. Bogue. p. 103.
- ^ "Rolfe, Robert Monsey (RLF808RM)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- ^ "Lord Cranworth, the last Liberal. Lord Chancellor, died after only » 1 Aug 1868 » The Spectator Archive". The Spectator Archive.
- ^ Burke's Peerage. 1868.
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- ^ Monsey was chief medical adviser to the whigs and a friend of Daniel Dulany the Younger.
- Lord chancellors of Great Britain
- Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for Penryn and Falmouth
- Barons in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
- UK MPs 1832–1835
- UK MPs 1835–1837
- UK MPs 1837–1841
- UK MPs who were granted peerages
- 1790 births
- 1868 deaths
- Barons of the Exchequer
- Solicitors General for England and Wales
- People from Breckland District
- Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom
- Members of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council
- Peers of the United Kingdom created by Queen Victoria